Appreciation

Appreciation is the increase in the value of assets over a period of time, unlike depreciation. Appreciation occurred due to certain factors like increase in demand, change in inflation rates etc. It’s totally opposite of depreciation. Appreciation is of two types, capital appreciation & currency appreciation.

Income Tax filing dates, detail process & charges

As the name suggests it’s a tax levied on incomes or earnings by companies & individuals. The government imposes this tax to provide better infrastructure & facilities to citizens also for some Government’s own activities. Income tax needs to be filed every year by individuals & entities. The only sector exempted from income tax is agriculture.

Continue reading “Income Tax filing dates, detail process & charges”

Indirect Cost

Indirect cost as the name suggests costs those are not directly linked to any product, project, facility etc. are called indirect costs. Examples are administration costs, operations costs, product cost etc. Indirect cost is of two types: fixed cost and variable cost.

FIFO

First-In-First-Out
FIFO

FIFO stands for “First in First out”. FIFO is an asset & stock management and valuation method. This method is widely accepted by businesses.

Pharmacy stores mainly use this method to manage stock and to check which one needs to be ordered on urgent basis.

Effective Annual Interest Rate

Effective Interest Rate

The total amount of interest earned or paid in a year on any financial products, loans etc. is called as the effective annual interest rate. The effective annual interest rate is also known as an effective interest rate.

So, how to calculate effective interest rate? Here is the formula: r = (1+i/n) n -1

r= effective interest rate   n = no. of periods   i= annual interest rate

Effective annual interest rate calculates while considering compound rates instead of static interest rates.

Cash Receipts Journal

cash receipts journal definition
Cash receipts journal in accounting

Cash receipts journal is a special type of ledger which records details of only cash receipts. This ledger reflects in the journal under the category “Cash Sales”.  Debit and credit both columns need to be recorded simultaneously. In debit side cash should be debited and in credit side sales need to be entered.

Continue reading “Cash Receipts Journal”

Capital Budgeting

Accounting term - SlickAccount
Capital Budgeting – SlickAccount

Capital Budgeting is a process which analyzes the frequency of return on long-term & short-term investments to be made by a business. Capital Budgeting is same as Investment appraisal.

Capital Budgeting is an important & complex task as the analysis needs to be accurate to determine the return value of investments.

Continue reading “Capital Budgeting”

Accounting Rate of Return

Accounting rate of return also called as Average rate return. Accounting rate return calculates the amount of profit company/entity incurred from the money invested. Accounting rate of return never considers the time value of money.

The formula to calculate accounting rate of return is: Average return during period / Average investment

Average Investment = Book value at the beginning of 1st year + Book value at the end of useful life /2

Average return during period = Profit after tax/ Life of investment